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Treat Heat Stroke

Important Information

Heat Stroke - Body temperature higher than 40o Celsius; Heat Exhaustion - Fluid loss and body temperature up to 40o Celsius

Heat stroke occurs when the body's temperature control system fails and the body temperature rises dangerously high; It should be considered as a life-threatening condition

Patients with heat stroke may have hot, dry, flushed skin, rapid pulse and be disoriented confused or unconscious; Treat heat stroke as a medical emergency; Follow primary care procedures

Heat exhaustion occurs when fluid intake does not compensate for perspiration loss; Persons with heat exhaustion may have cool clammy skin, weak pulse and complain of nausea, dizziness, weakness and anxiety

Patient Care; Heat Stroke

  • STOP - Assess and observe the scene; has the patient been exposed to a hot environment?

  • THINK - Consider your safety and form action plan; Is there a cool shady area nearby?

  • ACT - Check responsiveness and Alert EMS

  • Perform a primary and secondary assessment and monitor the patient's Cycle of Care AB-CABS

  • Move the patient to a cool shady area and immediately cool them by spraying or sponging them with cool water

  • Cover them with a wet towel and continue to monitor the patient's Cycle of Care until EMS arrives

  • Replace the wet cloth with a dry one if their temperature returns to normal

Patient Care; Heat Exhaustion

  • Move the patient to a cool location; Urge them to lie down and elevate the legs

  • Provide them with cool water or an electrolyte-containing beverage to drink every few minutes

  • Cool the patient by misting with water or fanning until completely cooled

  • If EMS is not called, encourage the patient to see a doctor

  • If the condition deteriorates, place the person in the recovery position and activate EMS