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Treat Stroke

Important Information

Strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or ruptured depriving brain tissue of oxygen


You could consider a stroke similar to a heart attack but relevant to the brain (brain attack) which is a clog in the brain as opposed to a clog in the heart


There are methods for unclogging strokes in a hospital emergency room so Alert EMS immediately for a suspected stroke patient


Patients having a stroke may complain of or have signs of numbness, paralysis or weakness of the face, arm or leg, often just one side and they may have trouble speaking; They may complain of a severe, unexplained headache or decreased vision in one or both eyes


Treat a stroke as a medical emergency; Follow primary care procedures


Patient Care; Stroke

  • STOP - Assess and observe the scene

  • THINK - Consider your safety and form action plan

  • ACT - Check responsiveness, look for a medical alert tag and Alert EMS


FAST - Stroke Warning Signs

  • Face: facial weakness - can the person smile? Has their mouth or eye drooped?

  • Arm: does it show weakness? - can the person raise both arms?

  • Speech: problems - can the person speak clearly and understand what you say?

  • Time: time to call EMS


  • Perform a primary assessment and monitor the patient's Cycle of Care AB-CABS

  • For a responsive patient, conduct an illness assessment; Reassure the patient if they have difficulty speaking, and ask 'yes' or 'no' questions

  • Help the patient into a comfortable position and continue to monitor the patient's Cycle of Care until EMS arrives