CPR Reports

AHA CPR News Updates

Building healthier lives with American Heart Association coronary heart disease & stroke awareness.

CPR Helps Resuscitate Man Frozen For 12 Hours

The scene: Winter January 2016 in Pennsylvania with temperatures of -4 degrees fahrenheit (-20 Celsius). Paramedic arrive at the scene and find Justin Smith, 26 years old frozen with no heartbeat, no signs of life, he had turned blue.

Justin had been missing from the night before, later thought to have slipped and fallen becoming unconscious and freezing to death 12 hours prior to being found by his Father who went out searching for him the following morning.
Submitted 04.07.2016

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2018 (Updated) American Heart Association CPR Guidelines

The 2018 AHA Guidelines Update for CPR and ECC is based on an international evidence evaluation process that involved 250 evidence reviewers from 39 countries. The process for the 2018 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) systematic review was quite different when compared with the process used in 2010.

CPR - Thai Police try to save young drowning victim

Click to watch a video called 'Amezing police man thailand! Help children drowning miraculously survived' YouTube Video.
Submitted 03.05.2013

Red Cross reveals public out of date

Nearly half of us have had to perform first aid in an emergency but few of us are qualified to do so. Most of us say we can recognize a life-threatening health emergency — like choking or cardiac arrest — but less than half believe we have the skills to save that life.

A Canadian Red Cross poll conducted by IPSOS in July also found that;

The poll included 2,015 Canadians, 1,086 women and 929 men. Almost 40 per cent said they have had to perform first aid in situations involving choking, cardiac arrest, heart attack, anaphylactic shock, concussion or heat.

One in three said they have never taken a first aid course, though 25 per cent say they would like to. Just 7 per cent say they have no interest in a first-aid course.

For World First Aid Day on Sept. 8, the Red Cross is calling on Canadians to take advantage of one of its first aid and CPR programs that have been available to Canadians for more than 50 years.

Newmarket resident Kelly McCarthy credits her Red Cross first-aid and CPR training for giving her the skills that helped her care to her husband when he suffered an aneurysm at home two years ago. She had also trained as a water-safety instructor and says her practice in this area helped her quell panic: “I was surprisingly calm when it did happen” she recalls.

Just 22 per cent of Ontario residents are currently certified in first aid. Nearly 70 per cent have taken a first aid course however 69 per cent of those certifications have lapsed and the training is out of date.
Submitted 05.09.2012

Unhealthy Heart? Surprising early warning signs?

It be wonderful if there were some early warning signs that you heart may be unhealthy. Most people are familiar with the advice seen in hospitals and doctor's waiting rooms, but new research has come up with some suggestions that might point towards an impending heart attack. Here are some surprising clues that may show that you should get a check from your Doctor.

Neck Pain

If it feels like you pulled a muscle in the side of your neck and it won't go away, it could show that you are mistakenly diagnosing a muscle strain for the signs and symptoms of an unhealthy heart situation.

Note: The pain feels like it is radiating out in a line, rather than located in one very specific spot, and it doesn't go away with ice, heat, or muscle massage.

Sexual Problems

Men who have trouble achieving or sustaining an erection is also associated with coronary heart disease. Research shows that men who suffer from erectile dysfunction were also later diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.

Note: If you have problems getting or maintaining an erection, that is reason enough to visit your doctor to investigate cardiovascular disease as an underlying cause.

Dizziness, Faintness or Shortness of Breath

Surveys show that up to 40% of women experienced shortness of breath days before suffering a heart attack. You may feel like you cannot breathe, feel faint or dizzy, especially from light exercise that previously did not cause you any trouble.

Note: If shortness of breath is caused by lung disease, it usually comes on gradually as lung tissue is damaged by smoking or environmental factors. If heart or cardiovascular disease is the cause, the shortness of breath may come on much more suddenly with exertion and will go away when you rest.

Indigestion, Nausea or Heartburn

It's commonly accepted that heart attacks cause pain in the chest, however, it can also be associated with the abdomen. Women particularly, can experience bouts of heartburn, severe indigestion and nausea as early warning signs of a heart attack or myocardial infarction.

Note: Like all types of angina, the abdominal pain associated with a heart problem is likely to worsen with exertion and get better with rest. Also, you're likely to experience repeated episodes, rather than one prolonged episode as you would with normal indigestion or food poisoning.

Jaw and Ear Pain

An ongoing pain in the jaw can be an early trigger to alert you of coronary artery disease (CAD). The pain may extend along the jawline to the ear and may be difficult to determine where the pain originates. Many post heart attack patients have expressed these symptoms just days before an attack.

Note: The pain doesn't normally feel like it is in one isolated spot but rather like it's radiating outward in a line. The pain may extend down to the shoulder and arm, particularly on the left side, and treatments such as massage, ice, and heat do not affect it.
Submitted 09.07.2011

AHA Latest Guidelines for ECC

The most current cpr guidelines based on the American heart Association's recent recommendations (April 2011) are produced in accordance with the AHA, ERC and ARC as part of ongoing research by ILCOR (The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation). CPR techniques vary slightly when applied to adult, child and infant mannequins, but the rate and ratio remains constant for all three versions. Please note: CPR should not be performed on a person who does not need it! (One Rescuer Adult CPR Guidelines)

Study backs continuous chest compressions

Chest compression position in CPR Official guidelines show that 30 chest compressions should be followed by two rescue breaths and concentrating on chest compressions rather than mouth-to-mouth when giving emergency resuscitation can produce better results, says research published in The Lancet, but training in how to give both chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth breaths is the best option, experts say.

Quote - "Any CPR is better than no CPR. If you witness a cardiac arrest, dial the EMS immediately. Those trained in CPR should follow existing guidance of 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Those not trained should start compressions and follow instructions until an expert arrives. The best solution, however, is for people to get trained in how to carry out chest compressions and rescue breaths so they can be the difference between a life lost and a life saved."

The British Heart Foundation says that being able to do CPR more than doubles the chances of survival.
Submitted 17.10.2010