Illness First Aid (A - Z)

An illness is defined as an unhealthy condition of the body or in the mind. Illnesses, sicknesses, and diseases, usually prevent your body or mind from working normally. Use this A to Z list of first aid treatments for common illnesses and ailments from allergy to stroke.

First Aid For AllergiesTreat Allergies
A person suffering an allergic reaction or anaphylaxis is likely to develop a skin rash often with itchiness or swelling on their face, hands, or feet. The patient's breathing rate may slow down and they could begin vomitting or have diarrhea. [allergies...]

First Aid For AsthmaTreat Asthma
Asthma attacks can occur suddenly or they can develop over a few hours or days. A patient suffering from a mild asthma attack will normally experience difficulty breathing (wheezing). Severe attacks can cause drowsiness or unconsciousness. [asthma...]

First Aid For ChokingTreat Choking
If the choking adult is conscious, grasping their throat, they may not be breathing and cannot make a noise; Perform Back Blows, Abdominal Thrusts, or Chest Thrusts. Ask the patient - Are You Choking? Alert EMS & Give Emergency Care. [choking...]

First Aid For DiabetesTreat Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition that is related to impaired insulin hormone and sugar levels of the body which can sometimes lead to an emergency. Diabetics may require medication to control the sugar levels. [diabetes...]

First Aid For FeverTreat Fever
Suffering with fever symptoms and a high temperature above ​37.5°C often makes you feel lethargic and tired. There are times when fever needs medical treatment even though it is not actually a disease. [fever...]

First Aid For Heart AttackTreat Heart Attack
The most common heart attack symptom is chest pain (angina) accompanied by pressure or squeezing in the center of the chest that lasts for several minutes, or is intermittent and reoccurring. [heart attack...]

First Aid For Heat StrokeTreat Heat Stroke
Heat Stroke - Body temperature higher than 40o Celsius; Heat Exhaustion - Fluid loss and body temperature up to 40o Celsius. Heat stroke occurs when the body's temperature control system fails and rises dangerously high. [heat stroke...]

First Aid For HypothermiaTreat Hypothermia
Severe Hypothermia - Body temperature below 32o Celsius; Mild Hypothermia - Body temperature below 34o Celsius. A person suffering from severe hypothermia may be disoriented, confused, uncoordinated or completely unresponsive. [hypothermia...]

First Aid For PoisoningTreat Poisoning
Absorbed Poisons - poison ivy, oak or sumac, chemical sprays; Ingested Poisons - food, medications, chemicals, cleaners, solvents, pesticides, plant material; Inhaled Poisons - carbon monoxide, gases, toxic fumess. [poisoning...]

First Aid For SeizuresTreat Seizures
Seizures or convulsions may result from epilepsy, heat stroke, poisoning, hypoglycemia, high fever in children, brain injury, stroke or electric shock. Treat a seizure as a medical emergency when the patient does not have epilepsy. [seizures...]

First Aid For ShockTreat Shock
Shock results when an injury or illness makes it difficult for the body's cardiovascular system to provide adequate amounts of oxygenated blood to the vital organs. Always treat an injured or ill patient for shock. [shock...]

First Aid For StrokeTreat Stroke
Strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or ruptured depriving brain tissue of oxygen. You could consider a stroke similar to a heart attack but relevant to the brain (brain attack). [stroke...]

Book First Aid CourseMore About Illnesses

Arrow icon CPR First Aid
Arrow icon How to use an EpiPen®
Arrow icon First Aid Safety for Food
Arrow icon How to perform Illness Assessment